How Does A Certificate Of Deposit Work – Complete Guide

A certificate of deposit (CD) is basically a product that is offered by banks or the credit unions that offers an interest rate in exchange for a good sum deposit that is left untouched for a fixed period of time. Why should we choose it? how does A certificate of deposit work is usually preferred by the people because it has more advantages and provides more interest rates compared to a normal deposit? It is usually considered to be the best way to make the most money out of your savings that too in a safe way.

There is a simple rule, the longer time you deposit for, the higher is the interest you will get. One is eligible to earn interest on the deposited sum once it matures. the time when you can collect your total sum along with the added interest. But in case you require some amount before the date of maturity, then generally you will be charged a penalty which depends from bank to bank.

Imagine searching for the best CD rate among the 100 options out there. It is indeed a hectic task to find the best CD rate because the interest rates of different organizations vary significantly. One can definitely get a great deal of interest but for that one needs to fix the sum for a long duration. CD is generally considered to be a safer and more reliable investment when compared with stocks and bonds because although CDs offer low growth, they at least promise a guaranteed interest rate of return and are non-volatile. Here is a list of companies that provide a certificate of deposit.

Banks That Provide A Certificate Of Deposit Work

1. Marcus by Goldman Sachs

Established in 2016, Marcus is the newest addition of Goldman Sachs.

Key Features

  • This bank offers both high yield and penalty-free certificates of deposit
  • For opening a CD account $500 needs to be deposited
  • Customers can open an account for 6 to 72 months
  • They can withdraw money anytime without giving a penalty

Pros

  • This bank APY is high for certificates of deposit
  • Customers do need to give any penalty
  • An account can be opened with low initial minimum deposits

Cons

  • This bank does not provide any checking account.
  • Customers need to open an external account for transferring money.
  • This bank has no branches

2. Synchrony Bank

Initially, it was a part of General Electric (GE). However, in 2015 these two parted their ways.

Key Features

  • Customers have to deposit $2,000 as an initial minimum deposit.
  • APY of Synchrony banks CD is 1.55%
  • Customers can open an account for up to 5 years.
  • This bank ensures FDIC

Pros

  • Customers do not need to give monthly fees
  • They can get a credit card
  • Synchrony offers IRA CD

Cons

  • This bank has a restrained number of branches
  • This bank doesn’t hold any ATM network
  • Customers do not get any checking account options
  • Customer service of this bank is not up to the mark

3. Barclays Bank

Barclays Bank is an online bank, offering good interest rates on deposit accounts.

Key Features

  • This bank offers CDs for up to 60 months.
  • Customers do not need to give nay monthly fee
  • You do not need to give a penalty, even if you withdraw before maturity

Pros

  • Interest rates for CDs are really good
  • Customers do not need to give any monthly fees
  • Customers get profitable credit card rewards

Cons

  • This bank has No brick-and-mortar branches

4. Merrick Bank

Founded on 1997 Merrick Bank offers do not offer checking, savings, or money market accounts, it only offers certificates of deposit (CDs)

Key Features

  • This bank offers higher rate in CDs compared to others
  • Customers need to give $25,000 to open CDs

Pros

  • This bank offers high yield CDs
  • Bank charges less on credit cards
  • This bank has a specialization in RV financing
  • Customers having lower credit scores is supported by this bank

Cons

  • Many people cannot give the mandatory deposit of $25000
  • Credit card fees are very confusing
  • This bank did not list its loan rates online

5. Citizen Access

Citizens Access was originated in 2018 by Citizen Bank.

Key Features

  • This bank offers CDs up to 60 months
  • This banks APY is 1.30%
  • Customers need to deposit a minimum of $5000

Pros

  • This bank provides good interest rates
  • Customers do not need to give monthly fees
  • This bank ensures FDIC

Cons

  • Customers need to deposit a higher amount initially
  • This bank does not provide all kind of CDs
  • Customers need to give a penalty for withdrawing money before maturity

6. Ally Bank

Ally Bank is one of the prominent banks in online banking.

Key Features

  • This bank has several deposit accounts
  • This bank offers CDs up to 60 months
  • Customers can get up to 1.10% APY

Pros

  • These bank CD rates are higher compared to others
  • Customers do not need to give an initial amount or monthly fees
  • Its ATM network has spread all over the country

Cons

  • Customers cannot deposit cash directly
  • This bank has no physical branches
  • Customers have to give penalties for early withdrawals

7. Amerant Bank

Amerant Bank was founded in 1979. It’s headquartered in Florida.

Key Features

  • This bank has branches in almost all of the 50 states
  • You can open CDs account in only and banking centers
  • This bank’s CDs are FDIC insured

Pros

  • Arment bank offers ambitious yields.
  • Customers can open CDs online

Cons

  • Interest is compounded monthly.
  • You cannot access any kind of special CDs.
  • Customers need to deposit a higher minimum deposit compared to another bank

8. CITI Bank

This is a renowned bank mostly based online with all kinds of accounts including certificates of deposit, etc.

Key Features

  • Customers can get APY 1.24%
  • Initial deposit is $500
  • Customers get 12 months offer

Pros

  • CD terms of this bank are flexible
  • Customers will get three CD options.
  • The CD account renews automatically

Cons

  • The initial minimum deposit of this company varies
  • Customers need to give penalties for early withdrawals
  • You cannot deposit a large amount in online

9. Capital One

Capital One is another bank offering CDs with various terms.

Key Features

  • Rates of Capital One bank’s CDs are great
  • Customers do not need to deposit any amount
  • Customers need to give penalties for early withdrawals

Pros

  • Customers do not need to give any amount as a minimum initial deposit
  • This bank funds ambitious rates.
  • You might get disturbance on your account only once in a year

Cons

  • This bank has fewer branches
  • This bank’s yields are lesser than others
  • This bank’s rates on CDs are lesser than other bank CDs

10. Chase Bank

This bank sets a certain amount for a certain time to deposit as an initial amount. There’s a penalty if you withdraw early.

Key Features

  • This bank provides terms of 1 month to 72 months
  • Customers need to deposit a minimum of $1,000
  • This bank provides daily compounding interest
  • Customers do not need to give any monthly service fees

Pros

  • This bank gives its customers the ability to waive checking fees
  • This bank provides its customers with credit cards of renowned brands

Cons

  • the bank has a restrained number of branches
  • Customers need to give minimum daily balance in this bank to waive fees

How Does A Certificate Of Deposit Work

Benefits of the certificate of deposit

# 1. Safe investment

Certificates of Deposits are generally a safer investment option when compared with other kinds of investments like bonds and stock that are vulnerable as the returns in stocks are not guaranteed.

# 2. Fixed-rate of interest

The advantages of certificates of Deposits are that they are offered at some fixed interest rate which is constant throughout the term of investment, so this enables the investors to predict the return they will get beforehand only.

# 3. Higher rate of interest than a savings bank account

The interest rates provided by Certificates of Deposits are always higher than the interest rates of savings bank accounts. Also, it doesn’t keep on varying with new policies, which means that once you got your certificate of deposit with the mentioned rate of interest, then it won’t be changed in any conditions.

# 4. Higher returns if deposited for long term

Depending on the requirement, the Certificate of deposits can yield your great interest. If you want to earn more interest on your sum you can easily fix it for a longer duration of time. Because longer the duration, greater is the rate of interest.

# 5. Plenty of choices

There is a big list of commercial banks as well as financial institutions. Hence, the investor can select the certificate of deposit that meets up their investment objectives.

Factors to consider when choosing a certificate of deposit

# 1. Interest Rate

Obviously, this is the basic factor that needs to be taken care of because the primary motive behind choosing a certificate of deposit is to get a great sum of interest. SO, the interest rates of different companies should be compared beforehand to make sure that you get the most out of your principal sum.

# 2. Tenure

A depositor must be aware of the tenure or the duration for which he/she is investing in a CD because the invested amount can’t be retrieved before the term. One needs to break the certificate of deposit if he/she wants to take the money out. So, one can accordingly look for a certificate of deposit that offers the best interest rate in the required tenure.

# 3. Future fluctuations

Depositors should consider the fluctuations of that particular Certificate of Deposit. For CDs whose interest rate has chances of decline, it is suggested to go for a long term duration. While for CDs whose rate of interest may arise in the future, should be opted for a short maturity term. This will allow them to renew their CD when the rate rises.

# 4. Plans for money

If your depositing sum is for a specific project or goal, then it helps you in determining your maximum CD tenure. In contrast, if you’re just investing the cash with the purpose of gaining interest then you can obviously opt for a long term investment.

# 5. Ensure having a backup money

Before opting for a certificate of Deposit make sure that you have enough money for your expenditure. You should never invest all for expenditure otherwise you’ll end up breaking the CD.

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions

Who is eligible to buy a Certificate of Deposit?

Certificates of Deposit can be issued to individuals, funds, companies, corporations, etc. Apart from this, it can also be opted by NRI (Non-Resident Indians) on a non-repatriable basis.

Is the Certificate of Deposit the same as Fixed Deposit?

Certificate of Deposit is different from Fixed Deposit. Some banks refer to fixed deposits as a Certificate of deposits as both CDs and FDs will get you interest more than your savings accounts, where you can easily withdraw money. The fundamental difference between the two is that fixed deposits are not negotiable while CDs are freely negotiable.

Are there any disadvantages to a CD?

Well, the CD has more advantages than disadvantages. But we can consider “Limited Liquidity” as one of its disadvantages. This means that the owner of that CD can’t access the money as easily as he/she can access in a traditional savings account. And in case the depositor opts to withdraw the money, he/she will be charged some penalty.

Can I lose my money if I opt for a certificate of deposit?

Basically, a CD is that product where the interest rates and tenure of duration are fixed beforehand only. So, any fluctuations will not hamper your interest rate, because it has been fixed already. Thus, one can freely invest in a Certificate of deposits without the fear of losing one’s money.

What will happen to my CD if I die?

Normally the company allows you to nominate someone as a beneficiary of your CD when you are fixing your money. Depending on the policy of the bank, the designated beneficiary may be allowed to continue the CD under his/her name.

Conclusion

So, we can conclude that Certificates of deposits have a lot of advantages over normal savings accounts. There are several types of certificates of deposits like Bump-up CD, Add on CD, No-penalty CD, High-yield CD, etc. given by several banks in the USA for 1 to 10+ years. In this article how CD work has been discussed via mentioning about 10 banks that provide CD in the USA, their key features, pros, and cons. So, now one can easily compare the interest rates of the companies and get to know the best CD to opt for. Remember it’s very important to study the terms and conditions of any CD before opening it. After reading all this stuff do you prefer to open CD now?

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